Zenaida Doves

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Zenaida Dove (Zenaida aurita)


Zenaida DoveThe Zenaida Dove (Zenaida aurita) is a member of the bird family Columbidae, which includes doves and pigeons.


Distribution / Range:

The Zenaida Dove breeds throughout the West Indies and the tip of the Yucatán Peninsula.

It formerly bred in the Florida Keys and the southernmost mainland Florida. Although no longer breeding in Florida, it occasionally is still recorded on the Keys as a vagrant.

The bird is resident and abundant over much of its range. Zenaida Doves are commonly hunted as a game bird .

This bird is found in a range of open and semi-open habitats. Its mournful cooOOoo-coo-coo-coo call is similar to the call of a Mourning Dove, but faster in pace.


Zenaida Dove (Zenaida aurita)Breeding / Nesting:

It lays two white eggs on a flimsy platform built on a tree or shrub. It also nests in rock crevices and on grassy vegetation if no predators are present. It has been recorded of some birds having up to 4 broods per year. Eggs take approximately two weeks to hatch, and the young chicks typically fledge after only two weeks in the nest. Parents feed the young pigeon's milk, a nutrient rich substance regurgitated from its crop.


Description / Nesting:

The Zenaida Dove is approximately 28–30 cm in length. It looks very similar to the Mourning Dove, but is smaller in size, has a shorter, more rounded tail, and is a bit more darkly colored. It is also distinguished from the Mourning Dove by showing white on the trailing edge of its wings in while in flight. The Mourning Dove does not have the white trailing edge.


Diet / Feeding:

These birds forage on the ground, mainly eating grains and seeds, sometimes also on insects. Zenaida Doves frequently feed close to water. They often swallow fine gravel to assist with digestion, and will also ingest salt from mineral rich soils or livestock salt licks. It is thought the salt aids in egg formation and/or production of pigeon milk.


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