The Woodnymph hummingbirds belong to the bird genus Thalurania.
Distribution / Range
They mostly occur naturally in Central and South America, with only one race being found as far north as western Mexico.
They favor humid forest and tall second growth habitats.
Males have a mostly green and violet-blue plumage.
Females are green above and partially whitish below, and have white-tipped tails.
Species and Ranges
- Violet-crowned (or Purple-crowned) Woodnymph (Thalurania colombica)
- Range: Occur naturally from Guatemala and Belize in Central America south to northern Colombia and western Venezuela in South America.
- Green-crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania fannyi)
- Range: Occur naturally from eastern Panama in Central America, south through western Colombia (including the Cauca Valley) and Ecuador, to far north-western Peru in South America.
- Subspecies: Emerald-bellied Woodnymph (Thalurania (fannyi) hypochlora) - Some authorities consider this a separate species.
- Fork-tailed Woodnymph (Thalurania furcata)
- Range: Found in the South American countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela.
- Violet-capped Woodnymph (Thalurania glaucopis)
- Range: Found in south-eastern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Uruguay, and far north-eastern Argentina (primarily Misiones Province) in South America.
- Mexican Woodnymph (Thalurania ridgwayi)
- Range: Western Mexico
- Long-tailed Woodnymph (Thalurania watertonii)
- Range: North-eastern Brazil.
- [Black-capped Woodnymph (Thalurania nigricapilla)] - Described as a species only in 2009. Not officially recognized yet.
- Restricted to the Valle del Cauca in western Colombia.
- ID: Lacks the iridescence to the crown.
Species Research by Sibylle Johnson
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