Turn-X, a Compact Table Top Incubator

Incubators

Turn-x


AVAILABLE IN 2 MODELS:




TX6 or TX7—WHICH ONE IS FOR YOU?

We have found that most of the TX7 models are used by specialized breeders for their Macaws, Cockatoos, Eclectus, etc., while the TX6 is primarily used in the schools for their spring science programs to hatch chicken, duck, quail or even goose eggs.


WHAT ARE THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THESE TWO MODELS?

Both TX6 and TX7 models provide fan forced air flow for even heat distribution around the eggs, the optional automatic turner, as well as a set of thermometers.  Both units also use your choice of one of the five turnings rings, so a variety of eggs can be incubated and hatched.


WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES?

The two major differences are found in the temperature control module and the thermometers that read temperature and humidity.  The thermostat of the TX7 model utilizes a “Ten Turn” Potentiometer, whereas the TX6 model has a “Single Turn Pot.  This means that on the TX7 you can adjust or fine-tune the temperature more easily and accurately for your specific requirements, especially at hatching time when the temperature is usually lowered.

The thermometers on the TX7 are a higher grade Mercury thermometer than the small red “Spirit” alcohol thermometers used in the TX6.  Since most TX6’s are used in schools, these are supplied as they are easier for children to read and understand.


WHAT IS A WET-BULB HUMIDITY READING?

This is explained more fully in the Hatching Manual supplied with each incubator purchase.  Essentially, since moisture is required for incubating and hatching eggs, the water bottle allows water to pool in the base of the incubator.  One of the thermometers should have a cotton wick on it that goes down into the water, making it a “wet bulb” thermometer.  Humidity is the amount of water in the incubator that has evaporated in the air of the unit.  The wet bulb humidity reading on the thermometer is not the same as Relative Humidity (RH) in percentages.  Rather, it is the temperature of the water in the base of the unit.  When used in conjunction with the incubator temperature, you can find the RH by use of the chart in the Hatching Manual which can also be ordered separately—BG81-2.


WHAT TEMPERATURES ARE REQUIRED?

For most fowl, the incubating temperature should be 99.5 to 100 degrees F.  The wet bulb temperature should be 84 to 86 degrees F.  The combination of these two readings is equivalent to approximately 51 to 56% Relative Humidity.

Different types of eggs require different settings for temp. and humidity.  The thermostat is adjustable and will be able to achieve a wide range of temperatures.


IS ANY ASSEMBLY REQUIRED?

In almost all shipments, we have taken care of pre assembly to a certain point of completion.  Full assembly would require a much larger box, would cause damages, and be far more expensive.  There is a diagram in the instructions provided with the TX Incubators to show you how to put the pieces together and to attach the turning mechanism.  You may request Bulleting #161 for a preview.


HOW OFTEN SHOULD EGGS BE TURNED?

Chicken or other fowl should be turned a minimum of 5 to 7 times a day if you don’t use the automatic turner and you will still be able to hatch a large percentage of eggs that are fertile.  We recommend using the automatic turner if you are away from the incubator for long periods of time.   The standard AT1 turner for this unit will turn the eggs once every hour, taking only 30 seconds or so to complete the turn.  We have also developed the AT3 turner which turns the eggs continuously, bet extremely slowly—it takes a full hour to make the same turn that the AT1 does in 30 seconds.

Many of the schools have purchased the AT3 as it is priced quite a bit lower than the AT1, but care should be taken that it would work in your particular breeding program.   Exotic bird breeders will develop their own patterns of turning frequency that best suits their type of eggs.


WHY SHOULD THE EGGS BE TURNED?

Imagine if you slept all night in the exact position you fell asleep.  Most of us would have some kind of circulation problem and/or soreness.  We turn ourselves while we sleep to relieve the pressure that restricts the nerves and impairs circulation.  Mother hens get off the nest and instinctively beak and turn the eggs at intervals.  This is necessary for the developing embryos to grow into healthy, vigorous chicks.  Any interval of turning longer than three or four hours gets declining results.  We recommend the turning should be 180 degrees and should be done in alternating directions.




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