Sunangels (genus: Heliangelus)

Hummingbird Information

Purple-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus viola)

Male Amethyst-throated Hummingbird The Sunangels (genus: Heliangelus) are South American hummingbirds that are typically associated with mountain areas.


The common name was derived from:

  • "helios" - Greek for sun or light
  • "angelos" Greek or "angelus" Latin for angels

This genus contains the following species:

  • Amethyst-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus amethysticollis) - Range: Eastern Andes in southern Peru and northwestern Bolivia.
    • Heliangelus amethysticollis laticlavius (Salvin, 1891) - Range: Southern Ecuador and northern Peru - north and west of Marañón Valley
    • Heliangelus amethysticollis decolor (Zimmer, 1951) - Range: Eastern Andes in central Peru (south of the Marañón river).
  • Longuemare's Sunangel (Heliangelus clarisse) - Range: Eastern Andes of Colombia and adjacent western Venezuela
    • Heliangelus clarisse spencei (Bourcier, 1847) - Originally considered a separate species - Range: Northwestern Venezuela. [Heliangelus clarisse violiceps (Phelps and Phelps, Jr., 1953 / 1959 ?)] - considered an invalid species by some authorities - Range: Sierra de Perijá mountain range, along Colombia-Venezuela border
    • Tourmaline Sunangel (Heliangelus exortis) - Range: Colombia and Ecuador
    • Flame-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus micraster) - Range: Along the eastern Andean slope of southeastern Ecuador and adjacent northern Peru
      • Heliangelus micraster cutervensis (Simon, 1921) - Range: Northwestern Peru (Cajamarca).
    • Royal Sunangel (Heliangelus regalis) - Range: Northern Peru and adjacent south-eastern Ecuador.
      • Heliangelus regalis johnsoni - Range: Ecuador
    • Gorgeted Sunangel (Heliangelus strophianus) - Range: Colombia and northwestern Ecuador
    • [Bogotá Sunangel (Heliangelus zusii)] - According to DNA testing, these hummingbirds are actually more closely related to the Sylph hummingbirds. - Range: Colombia (? exact location undetermined)

    Tourmaline Sunangel (Heliangelus exortis)Royal Sunangel (Heliangelus regalis) MaleMany-spotted Hummingbird (Taphrospilus hypostictus)Gorgeted Sunangel (Heliangelus strophianus) - Male

    Longuemare's Sunangel (Heliangelus [amethysticollis] clarisse)

    Orange-throated Sunangel

    Species Research by Sibylle Johnson

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