Spotted Tanagers

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Emerald Spotted TanagerSpotted Tanager (Tangara punctata)


Spotted TanagerThe Spotted Tanagers (Tangara punctata) - also known as the Emerald Spotted Tanagers - occur naturally in South-America, where they are specifically found in the following countries:

Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. It inhabits subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and montanes.


Description

Spotted Tanagers average 13 - 14 cm in length.

The upperparts are generally bright green with a creamy white belly. The plumage is fleckled with black.

The face and throat have a blue-grey tinge.

The plumage below is white with large black spots.

Males and females look alike, except the plumage of the female is a liittle duller compared to that of the male; and the black flecking is less prominent. The male has a more flat head, while the hen's is more rounded.

Immature birds look like adults, but their plumage is a dirty washed out version of the adults with a browny wash.


Breeding / Nesting

They built small cup nests in trees. The average clutch consists of 2 - 4 brown-blotched white eggs. The eggs are incubated by the female for about 13 - 15 days.

The young remain in the nest until they are about13 - 15 days old.

Spotted Tanager (Tangara punctata)


Diet:

Their primary diet consists of fruits and insects, which they hunt for on the outer leaves of the canopy. But they can also be seen lower down when attracted by a fruiting tree. They also eat nectar and seeds.


Calls / Vocalizations:

Its flight call is a weak metallic chirping tsip.


Subspecies

Tangara punctata (Linnaeus, 1766) -- Spotted Tanager(nominate species)

  • Tangara punctata annectens (Zimmer, 1943)
  • Tangara punctata perenensis (Chapman, 1925)
  • Tangara punctata punctata (Linnaeus, 1766)
  • Tangara punctata punctulata (P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876)
  • Tangara punctata zamorae (Chapman, 1925 )

Species Research by Sibylle Johnson

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