The Southern Yellow-billed Hornbill (Tockus leucomelas) is a hornbill found in southern Africa.
This hornbill is a common, widespread resident of the dry thorn fields and broad-leafed woodlands. Frequently they can be sighted along roads.
It is a medium sized bird, with length between 48 to 60 cm, characterized by a long yellow beak with a casque (a large display growth on the upper bill) (casque reduced in the female).
The skin around the eyes and in the malar stripe (skin around the eyes) is pinkish.
The related Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill from north-eastern Africa has blackish skin around the eyes.
They have a white belly, grey neck, and black back with abundant white spots and stripes.
Diet / Feeding
They feed mainly on the ground, where they forage for seeds, small insects, spiders and scorpions. Termites and ants are a preferred food source in the dry season.
Females lay 3 to 4 white eggs in their nest cavities and incubate them for about 25 days. Juveniles take about 45 days to mature.
- BirdLife International (2008). Tockus leucomelas. In: IUCN Red List 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
- Gordon Lindsay Maclean - Robert's Birds of South Africa, 6th Edition
Copyright: Wikipedia. This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from
Please Note: The articles or images on this page are the sole property of the authors or photographers. Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. Thank you.
The Avianweb strives to maintain accurate and up-to-date information; however, mistakes do happen. If you would like to correct or update any of the information, please send us an e-mail. THANK YOU!