Distribution / Breeding:
.It breeds across northern Europe and Asia. It is migratory, wintering in south east Asia, Japan, and eastern China. It is a rare wanderer to western Europe.
It breeds in wet coniferous woodland. 4-6 eggs are laid in a nest in a bush or on the ground.
Its natural food consists of insects when feeding young, and otherwise seeds.
This bird is similar in size to a Reed Bunting. It has white underparts with reddish flank, pink legs and a pink lower beak. The summer male has a black head with a white throat and supercilium (line above eye) and a reddish breast band.
The female has a heavily streaked brown back and brown face with a whitish supercilium (line above eye). She resembles a female Reed Bunting, but has the reddish flank streaks, a chestnut nape and a pink, not grey, lower beak.
Call / Song:
The call is a distinctive zit, and the song is a melancholic delee-deloo-delee.
- BirdLife International (2004). Emberiza rustica. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
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