Physical Therapy for Birds: Creating Therapy Devices
The following is from the Amazon eBook
Wonky - An Uncommon Pigeon by Dr. Dulcimer Nielsen
Wonky, rescued as a baby, lived with my husband and me and our two cats for 12 years, thinking he was a cat who could fly. He was funny, sensitive, loving and intelligent. He became disabled for the last five years of his life due to a bone infection and he could not stand, walk or fly. He became what I like to call “the world’s only potty-trained pigeon.” This is a story with deep emotional appeal which will bring laughter and tears to animal lovers everywhere. His cheerfulness in the face of disability was inspiring and his inseparable friendship with our last cat was heartwarming and rare. Our experiences in creating therapy devices (illustrations and instructions are included in the book) may be of help and support to others working with injured or handicapped pets. Pertinent excerpts are included below ...
Physical Therapy Devices
For the therapy platform we started with three 12" wide pine boards. The dimensions can be modified to suit your needs. We made the platform base about four feet long, and the upright ends about 3 feet high. Glue and nail the upright end boards to the bottom board, then use "L" brackets to brace and reinforce the upright ends.
Then we found that the bird would get to swinging around and would hit his feet on the sides on the 12" wide bottom. So we took a piece of particle board that was about four feet long and three feet wide and screwed it on top of the bottom board of the platform. To simplify this you could just attach the end boards to the particle board or to a piece of plywood and eliminate the bottom pine board. (See dotted lines on illustration.) This thing evolved as we went along. We put a rubber mat on the top of the particle board so that the bird could get traction, and it was easier on his feet.
Then we drilled holes in the upright end boards near the tops and inserted a 3/8" steel rod. We clamped the rod inside and outside the boards with "C" clamps so that the rod could not spin. We found that we needed "stops" on the rod about eight inches from the end boards, to stop the bird from hitting the boards and damaging his wings. We used tightly wrapped string as "stops". Then we put a nylon "clothes line" type pulley on the rod.
Illustration of therapy platform:
I call my harness design "The Flying Frog" because when it is laid down flat, that’s what the outline reminds me of. Please see the following illustration. Wonky’s harness was 9 inches long by 7 ½ inches wide when laid out flat. Of course the size can be easily modified for other birds. I made a "pattern" by drawing on a piece of paper towel and cutting it out; it was flexible and could be held up to the bird to check for size. You could also cut out a pattern using something like a white plastic bag, crepe paper, etc. It is probably more of a "sling" than a harness.
I spent many hours thinking this thing up. I have put harnesses on dogs, cats and horses, but working around the anatomy of a bird with its wings, crop and keel is a different ball game altogether. I wanted it to be sturdy, flexible and easy to put on the bird with minimal fuss. The material needs to be soft enough not to cause pressure points or sores. You also need to use something that doesn’t ruffle his feathers – keep the feathers smoothed the right way. When feathers are turned the wrong way it is uncomfortable for a bird. We used soft, thin, pliable leather, which is easy to trim as needed to custom fit to the bird. It is also durable and easy to clean. Put the smooth side toward the bird; this causes the least mussing of feathers. As vegans, we avoid using animal products, but I couldn’t come up with anything more practical than leather at the time. Other materials such as blanket flannel, quilted satin or padded nylon might work if you are clever with a sewing machine (I’m not!). Whatever you create, keep in mind that it needs to be strong and reliable – you don’t want the bird to fall and endure further injury.
Illustration of harness:
Looking at the inside - smooth side of leather – next to the bird’s body
Straps & snaps to connect the harness to the pulley:
For the "down" (walking) position I used a nylon "cat harness" as a strap, with a buckle and several holes for adjusting height, with swivel snaps on each end.
The swivel snaps rotate 360 degrees so the bird may move at will in any direction.
For the "up" (flying) position you can hook two swivel snaps together with a metal ring (such as a key ring). Or if you can find one, use one double-headed swivel that has a snap on both ends. See following illustration.
Instructions for putting the harness on the bird:
- Lay the harness down flat with the smooth side up.
- Set the bird down on the harness, centering his "keel" over the center slot. Bring the left rear strap with the ring up over the bird’s back – behind the wing and leg. (See following illustration "Step 2".)
- Bring the right front strap up over the bird’s back (in front of the wing and leg) and drop slot 1 over the ring. (See following illustration "Step 3".)
- Bring the left front strap up over the back (in front of the wing and leg) and drop slot 2 over the ring.
- Bring the right rear strap up over the back (behind wing and leg) and drop slot 3 over the ring. While pinching all four straps together, hold onto the ring.
- Snap the harness ring onto the bottom swivel snap (walking or flying) and snap the top swivel onto the pulley. (See following illustration "Step 6".)
Check to see that the bird is comfortable, and observe actions for any pressure points where the harness may rub. Trim or adjust as needed. (The following illustrations show steps 2, 3 and 6.)