Pacific Swallows or Hill Swallows (Hirundo tahitica)

Swallows

Pacific Swallow or Hill Swallow, Hirundo tahitica


Pacific Swallow or Hill Swallow (Hirundo tahitica)The Pacific Swallow or Hill Swallow (Hirundo tahitica) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family.


Distribution / Range

It breeds in tropical southern Asia from southern India and Sri Lanka across to south east Asia and the islands of the south Pacific. It is resident apart from some local seasonal movements. This bird is associated with coasts, but is increasingly spreading to forested uplands.


Description

This species is a small swallow at 13 cm. It has a blue back with browner wings and tail, a red face and throat, and dusky underparts. It differs from Barn Swallow and the closely-related Welcome Swallow in its shorter and less forked tail.


Breeding / Nesting

The Pacific Swallow builds a neat cup-shaped nest, constructed with mud pellets collected in the beak, under a cliff ledge or on a man-made structures such as a building, bridge or tunnel. The nest is lined with softer material, and the clutch is two to three eggs, up to four in Sri Lanka.

Pacific Swallow or Hill Swallow, Hirundo tahitica - nest with chicks


Pacific Swallow or Hill Swallow (Hirundo tahitica)Diet / Feeding

It is similar in behaviour to other aerial insectivores, such as other swallows and the unrelated swifts. It is a fast flyer and feeds on insects, especially flies, while airborne.


References

  1. BirdLife International (2004). Hirundo tahitica. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
  2. Turner, Angela K; Rose, Chris (1989). Swallows and martins: an identification guide and handbook. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-51174-7.
  3. Grimmett, Richard; Inskipp, Carol; Inskipp, Tim (2002). Pocket Guide to Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. London: Christopher Helm Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0713663049.

Copyright: Wikipedia. This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from Wikipedia.org ... Additional information and photos added by Avianweb.

Pacific Swallow or Hill Swallow (Hirundo tahitica)Pacific Swallow or Hill Swallow, Hirundo tahitica

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