The Motmots (bird family Momotidae) are restricted to the Neotropics, which includes southern Mexico, Central and South America and the West Indies; although the largest diversity occurs in Middle America (Mexico, Central America, and sometimes including the West Indies).
These woodland or forest birds have colorful plumages and a heavy bill. All, except the Tody Motmot, have long tails sometimes with a racket-like tip. Motmots often move their tail back and forth.
Recognized Species - Family Momotidae
- Genus Hylomanes
- Tody Motmot, Hylomanes momotula
- Genus Aspatha
- Blue-throated Motmot, Aspatha gularis
- Genus Momotus
- Russet-crowned Motmot, Momotus mexicanus
- Blue-crowned Motmot, Momotus momota
- Genus Baryphthengus
- Rufous Motmot, Baryphthengus martii
- Rufous-capped Motmot, Baryphthengus ruficapillus
- Genus Electron
- Keel-billed Motmot, Electron carinatum
- Broad-billed Motmot, Electron platyrhynchum
- Genus Eumomota
- Turquoise-browed Motmot, Eumomota superciliosa
Nesting / Breeding
Motmots make their nests in tunnels in banks. The average clutch consists of 4 white eggs, which hatch after about 20 days. Both parents raise the young. The young fledge about 30 days later.
Diet / Feeding
They mostly feed on insects and lizard, but will also take fruit.
Species Research by Sibylle Johnson
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