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The Maroon-tailed Conure, also known as the Maroon-tailed Parakeet (Pyrrhura melanura), is found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. They inhabit subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and moist montanes.
This Maroon-tailed Conure is common in the pet market.
Identified Sub-species / Races Including Nominate:
- Maroon-tailed Conure - Pyrrhura melanura melanura / P. m. melanura (Spix, 1824) - Nominate Species
- Souancé's Black-tailed Conures - Pyrrhura melanura souancei / P. m. souancei (Verreaux, 1858)
- Berlepsch's Conures - Pyrrhura melanura berlepschi / P. m. berlepschi (Salvadori, 1891)
- Pacific Black-tailed Conures - Pyrrhura melanura pacifica / P. m. pacifica (Chapman, 1915)
- Chapman's Conures - Pyrrhura melanura chapmani / P. m. chapmani (Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1940)
The Maroon-tailed Conure averages 9.5 ins (24 cm) in length with a wing of 4.9 - 5.3 ins (125 - 135 mm).
Its general plumage is green with small reddish-brown small stripes above the bill. The remainder of the forehead, crown, back of head and nape is dark brown; each feather is edged with green. The sides of the neck, throat and upper breast are green - each feather being edged with greyish-dull yellow. The primary wing feathers are red, each feather with pale-yellow tip. The outer webs of the blue primaries (longest wing feathers) have a narrow green edging. The tail upper is reddish-brown with green base; and the underside of the tail is blackish-grey. They have white eye-rings, dark-brown irises. Their feet and the bill are grey.
Immatures look as adults, but their primary wing feathers are partly green, and the edging on the breast is smaller.
Personality / Pet Potential:
Maroon-tailed Conures share the sweet personality of its relatives, the Green-cheeked Conures and Maroon-bellied Conures. They are bold, independent, yet very affectionate. The Maroon-bellied Conures are intelligent, friendly and active. They adapt easily to human contact and are easily trained.
Like most parrots, they also like dunking their food into their drinking water -- creating a messy soup requiring the water to be changed frequently. A water bottle may be a good choice, if you are not able to change the water several times a day.
They enjoy bathing and even showering with their owners. However, bathing water needs to be provided daily.
Maroon-bellied conures generally love to eat fruits and vegetables, which should be provided to them daily in addition to a quality seed mix. More on bird diet.
Maroon-bellied Conures are not amongst the best talkers. The majority of them may learn a few things, but there is no guarantee that they will ever learn to talk. They also have soft and gravelly voices, so even if they try to talk, they may not say anything understandable! But there are also a few green cheeks who talk a lot. They are smart little birds, and if you talk to them in context they often learn to speak in context (i.e. "good night" at night, "bye bye" when you leave for work in the morning, "hello" when they greet you). Despite their reputation for not being the "best talkers" some talented maroon-tailed conures do exist.
They are cuddly birds:
It is said that they are second only to the cockatoos in terms of cuddliness. They like to be held (although some like it more than others) and can learn tricks such as lying on their backs and "kissing." However, individual differences do exist, as some green conures will accept cuddling only on their terms. But these are the exception to the rule. Most seem to thoroughly enjoy cuddling whenever their favorite human is available.
They are all play
Like all conures, Maroon-tailed Conures love to play! They are very active parrots that like to play, explore and chew. Lots of toys are recommended to keep their beaks from "getting busy" on your furniture. Toys can be store-bought or home-made, and they can also be things that I bet you never thought were toys at all! Owners report that they are smart and interactive but are also more prone to behavioral problems than are cockatiels or budgies.
Conures as Pets (Suitability, Personality, Pros and Cons, Care Requirements)
Genus: Scientific: Pyrrhura ... English: Red-tailed Conures ... Dutch: Roodstaartparkieten ... German: Rotschwanzsittiche ... French: Perruche à queue rouge
Species: Scientific: Pyrrhura melanura melanura ... English: Maroon-tailed Conure, Black-tailed Conure ... Dutch: Zwartstaartparkiet ... German: Schwarzschwanzsittich ... French: Perruche queue marron ... CITES II - Endangered
Sub-Species / Races Including Nominate:
- Pyrrhura melanura melanura (Spix, 1824) - nominate species
- Pyrrhura melanura souancei (Verreaux, 1858)Pyrrhura melanura berlepschi (Salvadori, 1891)Pacific Conure, Pyrrhura melanura pacifica (Chapman, 1915)Pyrrhura melanura chapmani (Bond and Meyer de Schauensee, 1940)
Distribution: North-eastern Peru, Extreme Eastern and Southern Columbia, North-western Amazonas, Brazil, Southernmost Venezuela, Central Bolivar
Species Research by Sibylle Johnson
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