Hummingbird Information ... Hummingbird Extreme Metabolism and Survival and Flight Adaptions - Amazing Facts
Following listed (with photos) are hummingbirds found in Michigan.
Ruby-throated Hummingbirds, Archilochus colubris - Native - Usually arrive in the first week of May, with males usually being the first to show up to stake out their feeding territories. Most leave toward the end of September. Males usually depart first, and females and the young follow about two weeks later.
The male has a ruby-red throat, a white collar, an emerald green back and a forked tail.
The female has a green back and tail feathers that are banded white, black and grey-green.
Rufous Hummingbirds Selasphorus rufus -- Casual Visitor ... Like the Ruby-throated Hummingbirds, they usually arrive in the first week of May, with males usually being the first to show up to stake out their feeding territories. Most leave toward the end of September. Males usually depart first, and females and the young follow about two weeks later.
These hummingbirds are usually found in gardens and at feeders. These birds are fearless, and are known for chasing away other hummingbirds and even larger birds, or rodents away from their favorite nectar feeders and flowers.
Males can easily be identified by their glossy orange-red throats.
Females have whitish, speckled throats, green backs and crowns, and rufous, white-tipped tail feathers.
Broad-billed Hummingbirds (Cynanthus latirostris) - Rare Vagrants - Most likely to occur at hummingbird feeders between July and December.
The male is glossy green above and on the chest. He has a deep blue throat. His straight and slender beak is red with a black tip. His slightly forked tail is dark above, and the under tail feathers are white.
The female is less colorful than the male. Her throat, chest and belly are light to medium grey. She has a white stripe over each eye.
Green Violetear Hummingbirds (Colibri thalassinus) - Rare / Accidental - They are mostly resident in Mexico and Central America, but some seasonal movements have been observed. They may wander north to the United States and even as far north as Canada..
Males and females look very similar, except females are smaller in size and are duller plumaged.
They are mostly grass green in color, wit a bronze color to the rump and uppertail feathers. Ther is a violet-blue band along the chin that may connect to the violet-blue "ear" feathers. There is a broad violet central spot on the upper chest.
The squarish tail is slightly notched with a broad dark blue bar towards the end of the tail.
White-eared Hummingbird, Basilinna leucotis - Vagrant eastward to Mississippi and Michigan.
Rufous Hummingbird versus the similar Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Identification)
Species Research by Sibylle Johnson
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