Historically, there has always been a lot of confusion with the Scarlet Macaws, which also have a mostly red plumage. However, only the Green-winged Macaw has a broad green band on the wings (which is mostly yellow in the Scarlet).
The confusion also extended to their naming. The macaw with the green wing band - Ara chloroptera - was known as the Green-winged or Red and Blue Macaw, Red-blue-and-green or Red-green Macaw, Crimson or Maroon Macaw.
Its smaller cousin with the yellow band - the Ara macao - was referred to as Red or Red and Gold Macaw, Red and Yellow, Red-yellow-and-blue or Scarlet Macaw.
Dr. Osmond Hill researched these species, and in 1949 suggested as a way of ending this mix-up to refer to the Ara chloroptera as the "Green-winged Macaw" and the Ara macao as the "Scarlet Macaw".
The Green-winged Macaw as well as the Hyacinth are often referred to as "Gentle Giants" - in reference to their large size yet very gentle personalities.
Chinese: ????? ... Czech: Ara zelenokrídlý, ara zelenok?ídlý ... Danish: Mørkerød Ara ... Dutch: Groenvleugelara ... Estonian: rohetiib-aara ... Finnish: Vihersiipiara ... French: Ara chloroptère, Ara de Cuba ... Irish: Macá gorm dearg glas ... German: Grünflügelara ... Guarani: Gua'a pyt ... Italian: Ara aliverdi, Ara rossoverde ... Japanese: benikongouinko ... Norwegian: Grønnvingerødara, Grønnvinget rødara, Mørkerød ara ... Polish: ara zielonoskrzydla, ara zielonoskrzyd?a ... Portuguese: arara-canga, arara-piranga, arara-verde, Arara-vermelha, arara-vermelha-grande ... Russian: ???????????? ??? ... Slovak: Ara zelenokrdla, ara zelenokrídla ... Spanish: Guacamaya Rojiverde, Guacamayo Aliverde, Guacamayo Rojo, Papagayo rojo ... Swedish: Grönvingad ara, Mörkgrön ara
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