Great Kiskadees

Great Kiskadee
Tyrant Flycatchers

The Great Kiskadee, Pitangus sulphuratus, is a passerine bird. It is a large tyrant flycatcher, the only member of the genus Pitangus.


Habitat / Distribution:

It breeds in open woodland with some tall trees, including cultivation and around human habitation, from southern Texas and Mexico south to central Argentina, and on Trinidad.

It was introduced to Bermuda in 1957, and to Tobago in about 1970.


Nesting / Breeding:

The nest, built by both sexes in a tree or telephone pole, is a ball of sticks with a side entrance. The typical clutch is two or three cream eggs lightly blotched with reddish brown. They are incubated by the female.

Great Kiskadee sitting by its nest


Great Kiskadee Description:

Adult Great Kiskadees are 22cm long and weigh 63g. The head is black with a strong white eyestripe and a concealed yellow crown stripe. The upperparts are brown, and the wings and tail are brown with usually strong rufous fringes.

The black bill is short and thick. The similar Boat-billed Flycatcher has a massive black bill, an olive-brown back and very little rufous in the tail and wings.

The Great Kiskadee is a common, noisy and conspicuous bird. It is aggressive, and will drive away larger birds entering its territory.


Diet / Feeding:

It is almost omnivorous, and hunts like a shrike or flycatcher, waiting on an open perch high in a tree to sally out to catch insects in flight, or descending on rodents, or other small prey. It will also take some fruit and occasionally dives for fish in shallow water (making it one of the few fish-eating passerines). Such opportunistic feeding behavior makes it one of the commonest birds in urban areas around Latin America; its flashy belly and its shrill call make it one of the most conspicuous.

Great Kiskadee feeding

Great Kiskadee diving for fish


Great Kiskadee Call / Song:

The call is an exuberant BEE-tee-WEE, and gives the bird its name in different languages and countries.

In Brazil (Portuguese) it is bem-te-vi, that is, "I've spotted you!".

In Spanish countries it is often "bien-te-veo", with a similar meaning, as in a Mexican name, luis bienteveo.

In French it is tyran quiquivi.


Miscellaneous:

Not being appreciated as a song bird, the Great Kiskadee is not usually kept caged and therefore has escaped the depredations of poaching for the pet trade.

Also, its feeding mostly on live prey makes it extremely difficult to keep in captivity.


Great Kiskadee preening Copyright: Wikipedia. This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.org.



Please Note: The articles or images on this page are the sole property of the authors or photographers. Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. Thank you.

BeautyOfBirds strives to maintain accurate and up-to-date information; however, mistakes do happen. If you would like to correct or update any of the information, please send us an e-mail. THANK YOU!

Comments