Macaws on the Endangered Species List

Spix's Macaw
Macaw General Information

The status of all macaw species in the wild are of concern. Large numbers were exported to the United States and Europe the beginning of the 20th century. The majority of macaws are now endangered in the wild; several are highly or critically endangered, others are threatened with extinction and five or more species are already extinct - mainly due to the rapid rate of deforestation, hunting, and the illegal trapping for the pet trade.

Therefore, all macaws are listed on the IUNC Red List of Threatened Species and are subjects of conservation; and bird importation is now greatly restricted. However, endangered exotic birds are still targeted by poachers for the illegal exotic bird trade, as collectors are willing to pay many thousands of dollars for one of these "trophy birds." Thousands of endangered birds get injured or killed - either as they are trying to protect their young that poachers take from their nests, or as they are captured themselves, or they die in transit, as they are cramped into tight spaces that are designed to conceal them from authorities.

Fortunately, many species are thriving in captivity and their captive-bred offspring is readily available - making those parrot species less attractive to collectors and to poachers.

SpeciesYear
placed
on
appendix

Extinct

May be extinctCITES appendix ICITES appendix II
Blue and Gold Macaw

1981

X

Blue-headed Macaw 

1976

X

Blue-throated Macaw

1983

X

Buffon's Macaw

1984

X

Cuban

1981

X

Dominican Macaw

X

Glaucous Macaw

1976

X

X

Guadeloupe Macaws

X

Green and Yellow Macaw

X

Green Winged Macaw

1981

X

Hahn's Macaw

1981

X

Hyacinth Macaw

1987

X

Illiger Macaw

1989

X

Lear's Macaw

1981

X

Martinique Macaws

X

Military Macaw

1987

X

Noble Macaw

1981

X

Red Bellied Macaw

1981

X

Red Fronted Macaw

1983

X

Saint Croix Macaw

X

Scarlet Macaw

1985

X

Severe Macaw

1981

X

Spix's Macaw

1975

X

Yellow-collared Macaw

1981

X

Yellow-headed Macaw

X


CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, establishes world-wide controls on the international trade in threatened species of animals and plants. It requires that this trade be subject to authorization by government-issued permits or certificates. In the case of species threatened with extinction, CITES prohibits all commercial trade in wild specimens. The Convention was signed in 1975 and more than 125 countries are members.

Appendix I: Species endangered and trade is permitted only in exceptional circumstances

Appendix II: Species which would become endangered unless trade is regulated




Extinct Parrots:


Cuban Macaw


Dominican Macaw:


Jamaican Green-and-yellow Macaws


Guadeloupe Macaws:

Genus: Scientific: Ara ... English: Macaws ... Dutch: Echte Aras ... German: Eigentliche Aras ... French: Aras

Species: Scientific: Ara guadeloupensis aka Anodorhynchus purpurascens ... English: Guadeloupe Macaw ... Dutch: Guadeloupe Ara ... German: Guadeloupe Ara ... French: Ara de Guadeloupe

CITES Status - EXTINCT ... Distribution: Formerly inhabited Guadeloupe, now extinct


Martinique Macaws:

Genus: Scientific: Ara ... English: Macaws ... Dutch: Echte Aras ... German: Eigentliche Aras ... French: Aras

Species: Scientific: Ara martinica ... English: Martinique Macaw ... Dutch: Martinique Ara ... German: Martinique Ara ... French: Ara Martinique

CITES Status - EXTINCT


Saint Croix Macaws:

The Saint Croix Macaw (Ara autocthones) belongs to the parrots and was found on the island of Saint Croix, in the Virgin Islands. The only remains known are a sub-fossil left tibiotarsus (long leg bone), which has been found in the kitchen middens at Concordia, which is near Southwest Cape.

Genus: Scientific: Ara ... English: Macaws ... Dutch: Echte Aras ... German: Eigentliche Aras ... French: Aras

Species: Scientific: Ara authocthones ... English: Saint Croix Macaw ... Dutch: Sint Croix Ara ... German: St. Croix Ara ... French: Ara Saint Croix

CITES Status ... EXTINCT - Former habitat: St. Croix in the Virgin Islands, now extinct


Yellow-headed Macaws:

Genus: Scientific: Ara ... English: Macaws ... Dutch: Echte Aras ... German: Eigentliche Aras ... French: Aras

Species: Scientific: Ara gossei ... English: Gosse's Macaw, Yellow-headed Macaw ... Dutch: Geelstaartara ... German: Gelbstirnara ... French: Ara Gosse

CITES Status ... EXTINCT


Research by Sibylle Johnson

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