Clapper Rails: Species and Ranges


Clapper Rail

Clapper RailOverview ... Alternate (Global) Names

Distribution / Habitat ... Subspecies, Ranges and ID (please refer to below)

Description ... Calls / Vocalizations

Breeding / Nesting ... Diet / Feeding

The western subspecies are endangered mostly due to destruction of their coastal habitat.

The eastern forms are still quite common and their populations appear to be stable; however, their numbers appear to be in decline as well largely due to habitat destruction.

  • Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris longirostris - Boddaert, 1783) - Nominate Race
    • Range: South America: Along the coasts of Guyana, Surinam and French Guiana.

  • California or San Francisco Bay Clapper Rail, Western Rail (Rallus longirostris obsoletus - Ridgway, 1874)
    • Sometimes lumped together with the King Rail (Rallus elegans)Range: USA: Central California, with highest concentrations in the San Francisco Bay, where 1,000 to 1,500 birds are found and a small group occurs along the Colorado River.

  • Rallus longirostris levipes - Bangs, 1899
    • Sometimes lumped together with the King Rail (Rallus elegans)Range: USA / Mexico: Coastal central California south to northern Baja California.

  • San Blas, Sonora or Yuma Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris yumanensis - Dickey, 1923)
    • Sometimes lumped together with the King Rail (Rallus elegans)Range:USA / Mexico: Southeastern California, southern Arizona and northwestern Mexico.

  • Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris) Belding's or South Baja Clapper Rail, Belding's Rail (Rallus longirostris beldingi - Ridgway, 1882)
    • Range: Southern Baja California.
      • [Magdalena Clapper Rail, Rallus longirostris magdalenae - van Rossem, 1947] - subspecies usually considered invalid
        • Sometimes lumped together with the King Rail (Rallus elegans)
        • Range: USA / Mexico: Tidal lagoons of the Pacific coast of Baja California - from Magdalena Bay north to Seammon Lagoon. Probably to San Quintin Bay (Ref. Proceedings of Biological Society of Washington, May 10, 1947)

  • Northern Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris crepitans - Gmelin, 1789)
    • Range: USA: Coastal Connecticut to northeastern North Carolina.

  • Wayne's Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris waynei - Brewster, 1899)
    • Range: USA: Coastal southeastern North Carolina to eastern Florida.

  • Louisiana Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris saturatus - Ridgway, 1880)
    • Range: USA / Mexico: Gulf coast from southwestern Alabama to extreme northeastern Mexico (Tamaulipas).

  • Yucatan Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris pallidus - Nelson, 1905)
    • Range: Mexico: Southeastern Mexico along coastal Yucatán

  • Rallus longirostris grossi - Paynter, 1950
    • Range: Mexico: Southeastern Mexico: Quintana Roo

  • Honduras Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris belizensis - Oberholser, 1937)
    • Range: Belize: Punta Ycacos Lagoon

  • Florida of Gulf Coast Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris scotti - Sennett, 1888) -
    • Range: USA: Coastal Florida

  • Brooks's or Mangrove Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris insularum - W. S. Brooks, 1920)
    • Range: USA: Florida Keys

  • Bahama Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris coryi - Maynard, 1887)
    • Range: Bahamas north of Cuba

  • Isle of Pines Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris leucophaeus - Todd, 1913)
    • Cuba: Isla de la Juventud ("Isle of Youth") formerly known as the Isle of Pines

  • Antiguan, Antillean, Caribbean, Cuban, Hispaniolan or Puerto Rican Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris caribaeus - Ridgway, 1880)
    • Range: Cuba to Puerto Rico and Lesser Antilles east to Antigua, also Guadeloupe.
      • [Rallus longirostris manglecola - Danforth, 1934] - subspecies usually considered invalid [Rallus longirostris limnetis - Oberholser, 1937] - subspecies usually considered invalid

  • Rallus longirostris cypereti - Taczanowski, 1877
    • Range: South America - along the coasts from extreme southwestern Colombia (Nariño) through Ecuador to extreme northwestern Peru (Tumbes).

  • Rallus longirostris phelpsi - Wetmore, 1941
    • Range: South America - extreme northeastern Colombia and extreme northwestern Venezuela.
      • [Rallus longirostris dillonripleyi - Phelps and Aveledo, 1987] - subspecies usually considered invalid

  • Rallus longirostris margaritae - Zimmer and Phelps, 1944
    • Caribbean Sea: Margarita Island (Isla de Margarita)

  • Rallus longirostris pelodramus - Oberholser, 1937
    • Range: Trinidad - the southernmost island in the CaribbeanID: Plumage is more heavily marked with black above.

  • Rallus longirostris crassirostris - Lawrence, 1871
    • Range: South America - coastal Brazil from Amazon estuary to Santa Catarina.

Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris)


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