Blue Bonnet Parrots

Psephotus Information ... Photos of the Members of the Psephotus Family for Identification

Blue-Bonnet Parrot


Blue Bonnet Parrot

Distribution / Range

The Blue Bonnet or Yellow-vented Blue-bonnet Parrot (Northiella haematogaster haemetogaster or Psephotus haematogaster haematogaster) is endemic to western and southern New South Wales, north-western Victoria and south-eastern South Australia

Blue Bonnet parrots are sporadically dispersed, socially gathering in groups of up to 30 birds.


Breeding / Mating

They permanently mate. Their courtship ritual is quite entertaining and entails fanning and shaking of their tail feathers, raising their crown feathers and a lot of head bobbing.

They nest in low-lying tree openings lined with wood substances. The average nest consists of 4 to 7 eggs, which are incubated by the female for about 22 days.

The male assists in rearing the young and feeds the female on the nest.


Diet / Feeding

The main diet consists of native grasses and herbaceous plants, as well as flower and fruit nectar.


Description:

Yellow-vented Blue-bonnet Parrot

These medium-sized parrot averages 29-30 cm / 11.6-12 inches in length.

The general plumage is olive-brown. The forehead, lores (the regions between the eyes and bill on the side of a bird's head), front of crown, ear-coverts and forward cheek area are mauve-blue. The ear-coverts have a dull yellowish streaking and the remainder of the head, back and lower back is olive-grey. The throat and upper breast are dull olive-brown, each feather washed pale brown. The lower breast, sides of abdomen and under tail-coverts are yellow. There is a deep red patch on the abdomen and parts of the thigh. The bend of the wing, primary wing feathers, outer webs of primaries (longest wing feathers) and under wing-coverts are violet-blue. The shoulder feathers and outer lesser wing-coverts are blue. The median, inner lesser wing-coverts and inner secondary-coverts are olive. The outer secondary-coverts are olive with broad blue markings. The rump and upper tail-coverts are olive. The upperside of the middle tail-feathers are bronze-green with dark blue tips. The outer tail-feathers are dark-blue with whitish-blue tips. The underside of the tail is white-bluish. The bill grey-horn. There is a narrow grey periophthalmic ring. The irides (= plural of iris) are grey-brown and the feet grey-brown.

Females look like males, but have a duller blue facial area. The red to abdomen and thighs is much less extensive. The white under-wing stripe; head and bill are on average smaller.

Immatures as adults, but with much duller plumage; much less red to abdomen and thighs; under-wing stripe present; adult plumage attained by 12 months.

Blue Bonnet or Yellow-vented Blue-bonnet Parrot (Northiella haematogaster haemetogaster or Psephotus haematogaster haematogaster)


Taxonomy:

Genus: Scientific: Northiella ... English: Blue-Bonnets ... Dutch: Blauwkapparkieten ... German Rotsteißsittichen ... French: Perruche à queue rouge

Species: Scientific: Northiella haematogaster haemetogaster aka Psephotus haematogaster haematogaster ... English: Blue-bonnet, yellow-vented Blue-bonnet ... Dutch: Blue-Bonnet Parkiet ... German: Blutbauchsittich, Gelbsteißsittich ... French: Perruche à anus jaune



Sub-species


Naretha Blue-Bonnet Parrots:

This parrot is endemic to Southern Australia . It is an endangered species (CITES II).

Description:

As Blue-bonnet Parrots (haematogaster) featured above, but the plumage is generally much paler brown-grey; forehead, lores (the regions between the eyes and bill on the side of a bird's head) and area over eye greenish-blue; no red to abdomen and thighs; under tail-coverts red; bend of wing and shoulder feathers greenish-blue to pale mauve-blue; outer lesser wing-coverts orange-red; rump, upper tail-coverts, inner lesser and median wing-coverts pale olive-yellow; upperside of middle tail-feathers olive with blue tips; on average slightly smaller.

Female as male, but with slightly duller plumage; facial area duller blue; head and bill generally smaller.

Immatures as adults, but with slightly duller plumage; adult plumage attained by 12 months

These parrots average 28 cm / 11 inches in length

Taxonomy:

Scientific: Northiella ... English: Blue-Bonnets ... Dutch: Blauwkapparkieten ... German: Rotsteißsittichen ... French: Perruche à queue rouge

Species: Scientific: Northiella haematogaster narethae aka Psephotus haematogaster narethae ... English: Naretha Blue-Bonnet ... Dutch: Naretha Blue-Bonnet Parkiet ... German: Narethasittich ... French: Perruche à anus rouge de Naretha

 



Pallid Yellow-vented Blue-Bonnets:

This endangered species (CITES II) is endemic to South Australia

Description:

They look like the nominate species featured above, but their plumage is generally much paler.

The female looks like the male; however, the head and the bill are, on average, smaller. This species is about 30 cm / 12 inches long, from beak to tip of tail.

Taxonomy:

Genus: Scientific: Northiella ... English: Blue-Bonnets ... Dutch: Blauwkapparkieten ... German : Rotsteißsittichen ... French: Perruche à queue rouge

Species: Scientific: Northiella haematogaster pallescens aka Psephotus haematogaster pallescens ... English: Pallid Yellow-vented Blue-Bonnet ... Dutch: Bleke Blue-Bonnet Parkiet ... German: Blasser Gelbsteißsittich ... French: Perruche à anus pale

 



Red-vented Blue-Bonnets:

The Red-vented Blue-bonnet is endangered in its natural range (CITES II), which includes Southern Queensland and northern New South Wales in Australia

Description:

As Blue-bonnet Parrots (haematogaster) - above - but the red to abdomen extends to under tail-coverts. The shoulder feathers and outer lesser wing-coverts are pale green. The inner lesser and median wing-coverts are brownish-red. They also tend to be slightly larger, averaging 31 cm / 12.25 inches in length.

Females look like males, but have a generally duller plumage. The facial area is duller blue. The red to abdomen, under tail-coverts and thighs are less extensive; and the head and bill is on average smaller.

Young birds look like adults, but with a slightly duller plumage. There is less red to the abdomen, under tail-coverts and thighs. They attain the adult plumage when they are about one year old.


Taxonomy:

Genus: Scientific : Northiella ... English: Blue-Bonnets ... Dutch: Blauwkapparkieten ... German: Rotsteißsittichen ... French: Perruche à queue rouge

Species: Scientific: Northiella haematogaster haematorrhous aka Psephotus haematogaster haematorrhous ... English: Red-vented Blue-Bonnet ... Dutch: Roodbuik Blue-Bonnet Parkiet ... German: Rotsteißsittich ... French: Perruche à anus rouge


Species Research by Sibylle Johnson

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