Found in marshes across Canada east of the Rockies, as well as in northeastern United States, and along the entire U.S. Canadian border.
The upper plumage is brown with black streaks. The feathers on the back are edged with white. The chest is yellowish-brown. The belly is pale. The flanks are barred.
The short, thick bill is dark, but turns yellow in males when breeding. There is a yellow-brown band over the eyes. The legs are greenish-yellow.