Other Names: elk (17th century texts)
Distribution: northern Europe and throughout Russia in summer; Europe, east Asia, and the Caspian Sea area in winter. A small nonmigratory population exists in western Iceland.
Summer Resident Winter
Size: average 140-165 cm in length with a wingspan of 205-275 cm. Males weigh 9.8-11.4 kg, and females weigh 8.2-9.2 kg.
Plumage: Adults are uniformly white with black legs and have a bill that is variable in pattern but usually yellow with a black tip and edge. Immature plumage is light to medium gray.
Eyes are black with white eyelids.