Alternative Names: White-winged Black Tern
Range stretches from Southeastern Europe east to Australia. Typically found in or near bodies of fresh water.
Measures between 7.9 - 10.6 inches (20 - 27 cm) and weighs about 2.2 oz (63 grams).
The short, stubby black bill is about 0.87 - 0.98 inches (22 – 25 mm) long. The legs are reddish.
Plumage details vary by season and age.
Summer / Breeding Plumage (Adults): Face is tinged yellowish. Black neck, often with a pale grey back. Black abdomen. Very dark grey back. White rump and wings, except for the inner wings, which are greyish with brown-tipped coverts. Light grey, almost white tail.
Non-Breeding Plumage: Black head, except for white forehead and blackish-brown crown that is fleckled with wite and some white flecking on the otherwise black hindcrown. Broad, white collar.
Moulting Adults / Juveniles: Pale grey rump turning grey in both phases (breeding and non-breeding) late in the year. White collar and rump. Dark brown mantle with narrow paler brown tips.