White-winged Tern

Alternative Names:  White-winged Black Tern

Distribution:

Range stretches from Southeastern Europe east to Australia.  Typically found in or near bodies of fresh water.

Description:

Measures between 7.9 - 10.6 inches (20 - 27 cm) and weighs about 2.2 oz (63 grams).

The short, stubby black bill is about 0.87 - 0.98 inches (22 – 25 mm) long. The legs are reddish.

Plumage details vary by season and age.

Summer / Breeding Plumage (Adults):  Face is tinged yellowish.  Black neck, often with a pale grey back.  Black abdomen.  Very dark grey back.  White rump and wings, except for the inner wings, which are greyish with brown-tipped coverts.  Light grey, almost white tail.

Non-Breeding Plumage:  Black head, except for white forehead and blackish-brown crown that is fleckled with wite and some white flecking on the otherwise black hindcrown. Broad, white collar.

Moulting Adults / Juveniles:  Pale grey rump turning grey in both phases (breeding and non-breeding) late in the year.  White collar and rump. Dark brown mantle with narrow paler brown tips.

Avianweb Species Page

White-winged Tern

Bill Shape
all-purpose
Regions
alaska
aleutians
atlanticcoast
california
connecticut
delaware
georgia
indiana
maine
manitoba
massachusetts
minnesota
new brunswick
new hampshire
new jersey
new york
north carolina
nova scotia
ontario
pennsylvania
quebec
rhodeisland
south carolina
vermont
virginia
wisconsin
Tail Shape
notched-tail
Wing Shape
pointed-wings
Habitat
coasts
Grasslands
Color
black
white
Body Shape
gull
Size
medium
Order
waders, shorebirds, seabirds - charadriiformes
gulls, terns, skimmers - bird family: Laridae, order: Charadriiformes
Conservation Status
Least Concern
Bird Species