Occur in montane, mixed coniferous forests from British Columbia in Canada through eastern Washington and Oregon to California. Its range is in the mountains of far western North America, from south-central British Columbia to southern California and inland to western Nevada and Idaho. Audubon-Important Bird Areas that support White-headed Woodpeckers year-round include Washington's Umtanum Creek Valley and British Columbia's Kilpoola Lake Area.
This dimorphic species is of medium-build in adulthood, and his length reaches 9 inches (20 cm).
Plumage Details / Adults
The White-headed Woodpecker is just that—a black woodpecker with a white head. The wing stripes are spectacular, particularly when viewed from below as the bird flies. The white primary feathers form a crescent in flight, .and they can be viewed when the bird is at rest as well. The throat is also white, and his red, narrow crown patch is farther back than it is on most woodpeckers’ heads. There is a small, black stripe behind the eye.
Other Physical Details
The straight bill is black and small. The legs and feet are black. Both genders have dark eyes.
Females have the same colors and markings but lack the red patch on the nape.