Trumpeter Swan

Distribution

Trumpeter Swans occur naturally in south-central and eastern Canada; southern half of Alaska and the northern parts of the United States, stretching from Washington State, northern Idaho, Montana, northern Wyoming, North and South Dakota, Nebraska, the northeastern corner of Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, northern Missouri, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana and Michigan (Great Lakes states).

Description

Trumpeter Swans average 54.3–62.2 inches (138–158 cm) in length, and have a wingspan of 7 - 8 feet (2.1 - 2.4 meters). An adult Trumpeter Swan stands about 4 feet (1.2 meters) tall.

They weigh between 17 - 28 lbs (7.7 - 12.7 kg). The males tend to be larger than females with an average weight of 28 lbs (12.7 kg); females weigh about 22 pounds (10 kg).

The plumage is all white; except the head and neck are often stained a dull tan or orange color due to exposure to iron-rich waters and mud as they dive under water to forage for food. They have a thick layer of down that protects them in subzero temperatures. Like all water birds, they spend a good amount of time preening their feathers. As part of preening, the swan presses the bill against an oil gland (located at the base of its tail) to extract a greasy fluid that they redistribute over their plumage to waterproof the feathers.

They have a long, straight neck - and fly with their neck stretched straight out in front of them.

The black bill is broad and flat, with fine tooth-like serrations along the edges that strain water as they eat aquatic vegetation. Along the base of the lower bill is orange-red stripe.

Avianweb Species Page

Species image
Trumpeter Swan

Trumpeter Swan

Bill Shape
spatulate
Regions
alabama
alaska
alberta
arizona
arkansas
british columbia
california
colorado
delaware
idaho
illinois
indiana
iowa
kansas
kentucky
louisiana
manitoba
maryland
michigan
minnesota
mississippi
missouri
montana
nebraska
nevada
new jersey
new mexico
north carolina
north dakota
northwest territories
nunavut
ohio
oklahoma
ontario
oregon
pacific coast
pennsylvania
quebec
saskatchewan
south dakota
tennessee
texas
utah
virginia
washington
west virginia
wisconsin
wyoming
yukon
Tail Shape
squared-tail
Wing Shape
very-long-wings
Action
flying
perching
Behavior
soaring
Markings
plain
Sounds
harsh call
Location
high flying
ground dwelling
high perching
north in summer
south in summer
south in winter
Habitat
lakes rivers ponds
fields
flats
Forests
Marshes
Color
black
brown
white
Body Shape
duck
Size
large
Order
ducks, geese and swans - anatidae
ducks, geese and swans - anseriformes
Conservation Status
Least Concern
Bird Species