Swainsons Hawk

Distribution

Swainson's Hawks or Locust Hawks breed in the prairie and dry grassland areas in western North America, and migrate south to Argentina for the winter.

Description

Adults have pale bodies with dark "bibs" on the chests and white throat patches.

Two color phases occur in the wild:

Light morph birds are whitish below (except for a reddish chest) and on the underwings. The tail is grey with dark bars. Their head is brown with a white patch on the chin.

Dark morph birds have an entirely dark brown plumage except for a light patch under the tail.

A rufous variant has also been identified, which is lighter below with reddish bars.

Avianweb Species Page

Species image
Swainsons Hawk

Swainsons Hawk

Bill Shape
hooked
Regions
alabama
alaska
alberta
arizona
arkansas
baja california
british columbia
california
colorado
connecticut
delaware
idaho
illinois
indiana
iowa
kansas
kentucky
labrador
louisiana
maine
manitoba
maryland
massachusetts
michigan
minnesota
mississippi
missouri
montana
nebraska
nevada
new brunswick
new foundland
new jersey
new mexico
new york
north carolina
north dakota
northwest territories
nova scotia
nunavut
ohio
oklahoma
ontario
oregon
pennsylvania
quebec
rhodeisland
saskatchewan
south carolina
south dakota
tennessee
texas
utah
vermont
virginia
washington
west virginia
wisconsin
wyoming
yukon
Tail Shape
squared-tail
Wing Shape
pointed-wings
Action
hopping
Markings
head
streaks
wingbands
Sounds
screeching
high
Location
high perching
low perching
north in summer
south in summer
Habitat
aerial
savanna
Forests
Grasslands
Color
blackandwhite
brown
Body Shape
hawk
Size
large
small
Order
birds of prey, raptors - falconiformes
kites, eagles and hawks - accipitridae
Conservation Status
Least Concern
Bird Species