Breed in northern Canada and Alaska and migrate south to south-central United States for the winter.
These ground-feeding birds have short, cone-shaped bills, streaked backs and dark tails with white outer retrices.
Breeding males have orange throats, napes and underparts. The face is black-and-white patterned.
Females are lightly streaked buffy below. They have dark crowns, brown wings with less obvious white lesser coverts, and pale faces.