North America, Middle America and northern South America, as far south as Brazil. Rare vagrants have been reported in western Europe.
Stocky, medium-sized shorebirds with long bills. They measure 9.1 - 13 inches (23 - 32 cm) in lenght. Wintering birds are mostly grey. Breeding adults are brown on top and reddish below. The tail has black and white bars. The legs are yellowish.