Ruff

Other Names: none

Distribution: Russia, Scandinavia, and parts of eastern Europe in summer; discontinuously throughout western Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and south Asia in winter.

Ruff distribution range map

Description:

Size: 29-32 cm in length with a 54-60 cm wingspan. Males weigh approximately 180 g, while females weigh approximately 110 g.

Plumage: Highly variable. Females and juveniles have brownish-gray upperparts with dark flight and mantle feathers bordered with white. The breast and flanks are variably blotched with black and the underside is pale brown fading into white. In winter, the plumage is similar to that of adult males.

Adult males' legs, bill and bare facial skin are orange, with easily identifiable but variably-colored head tufts and a ruff on the long neck. These may be black, chestnut or white, with the coloring solid, striped, or irregular. The gray-brown back has an almost reptilian scale-like pattern, with black or chestnut feathers, and the breast is black blotched with white that fades into white undersides.

Species image
Ruff

Ruff

Bill Shape
dagger
Regions
alabama
alaska
alberta
aleutians
arizona
arkansas
baja california
british columbia
california
colorado
connecticut
delaware
district of columbia
florida
georgia
hawaii
idaho
illinois
indiana
iowa
kansas
kentucky
labrador
louisiana
maine
manitoba
maryland
massachusetts
mexico
michigan
minnesota
mississippi
missouri
nebraska
nevada
new brunswick
new foundland
new hampshire
new jersey
new mexico
new york
north carolina
north dakota
nova scotia
nunavut
ohio
oklahoma
ontario
oregon
pennsylvania
quebec
rhodeisland
saskatchewan
south carolina
south dakota
tennessee
texas
utah
vermont
virginia
washington
west virginia
wisconsin
yukon
Tail Shape
pointed-tail
Wing Shape
pointed-wings
Habitat
coasts
lakes rivers ponds
Grasslands
Color
brown
Body Shape
sandpiper
Size
medium
Order
waders, shorebirds, seabirds - charadriiformes
sandpipers, phalaropes and allies - scolopacidae
Conservation Status
Least Concern
Bird Species