Native to the country of Georgia in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Have been widely introduced elsewhere, including North America.
They occur in numerous color forms, ranging from almost white to nearly all black. The plumage is barred yellow and brown with purple, green and white markings. The head is green with a small crest and red wattle. Some of the races have a white neck ring.
They measure 24 - 35 inches (60 - 89 cm) in length - including the tail. The long tail is brown with black streaks.