Other Names: none
Distribution: the eastern United States and northeastern Mexico, with a separate population in California.
Size: 38-61 cm in length with a 90-127 cm wingspan, weighing 460-930 g.
Plumage: Dark brown above and buff below with white barring on dark wings, rusty shoulders, pale underparts barred with rust, and a narrowly banded tail. In flight a translucent area near the tip of the wing can be seen from below. Juveniles are generally streaked below. The legs are yellow, the beak is yellow with a black tip, and the eyes are brown.