The Red-headed Woodpeckers (Melanerpes erythrocephalus) are found in most parts of the eastern-central United States stretching north into southern Canada.
Northern birds migrate to the southern parts of the range, with most having arrived on the breeding range by late April, and having left for winter quarters by late October; southern birds are often permanent residents.
The Red-headed Woodpecker is a small or medium-sized woodpecker. Adults have a black back and tail with a red head and neck. Their underparts are mainly white. The wings are black with white secondaries (shorter, upper "arm" feathers).
Adult males and females look alike. Juveniles are similarly shaded, but are mottled with brown.