Purple Martin

Other Names: none

Distribution: discontinuously throughout the United States and Mexico in summer; south through Brazil in winter.

Purple Martin distribution range map

Description:

Size: 19-21 cm in length with a 39-41 cm wingspan.

Plumage: Adult males are dark steel-blue with black flight feathers. Females and juveniles are duller above and pale gray below. The legs are pinkish-black and the beak and eyes are black.

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Species image
Purple Martin

Purple Martin

Bill Shape
all-purpose
Eats
bread-products
currants
nut-meal
raisins
Regions
alabama
alaska
alberta
arizona
arkansas
baja california
british columbia
california
colorado
connecticut
cuba
delaware
district of columbia
florida
georgia
idaho
illinois
indiana
iowa
kansas
kentucky
labrador
louisiana
maine
manitoba
maryland
massachusetts
mexico
michigan
minnesota
mississippi
missouri
montana
nebraska
nevada
new brunswick
new foundland
new hampshire
new jersey
new mexico
new york
north carolina
north dakota
northwest territories
nova scotia
nunavut
ohio
oklahoma
ontario
oregon
pennsylvania
quebec
rhodeisland
saskatchewan
south carolina
south dakota
tennessee
texas
utah
vermont
virginia
washington
west virginia
wisconsin
wyoming
yukon
Tail Shape
notched-tail
Wing Shape
pointed-wings
Habitat
Forests
Urban
Grasslands
Color
purple-violet
sheen
black
blue
Body Shape
swallow
Size
small
Order
perching birds or songbirds - passeriformes
swallows and martins - hirundinidae
Conservation Status
Least Concern
Bird Species