The Orchard Orioles occur from central Mexico south through Central America to northern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela. In the Caribbean, they can often be found on the Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Islands, Jamaica and the Turks and Caicos Islands.
The Orchard Oriole measures about 6.3 inches (16 cm) in length and weighs about 20 g.
The adult has a pointed bill and white wing bars.
The adult male is chestnut on the underparts, shoulder and rump, with the rest of the plumage being black. One-year males are yellow with a black bib.
The adult female is olive-green on the upper parts, yellowish on the breast and belly.