Franciscan Bishops, Northern Red Bishops or West Nile Red Bishops -Euplectes franciscana
Distribution / Habitat
Northern Red Bishops occur naturally in southern Mauritania, Senegambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, southern Mali, northern Sierra Leone, northern Liberia, Burkina Faso, northern Ivory Coast, Ghana (mostly inland, but locally also along the coast), Togo, Benin, southwestern Niger, Nigeria (primarily north of the great rivers), southern Chad, northern Cameroon; northern Central African Republic; Sudan (particularly along the Nile River and its tributaries), west and northeastern Ethiopia, western Eritrea and northwestern & southern Somalia, south to northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, northern Uganda and western Kenya (along the lakes Baringo and Bogoria).
Introduced birds have established themselves in southwestern United States (near Los Angeles, in California), on Puerto Rico, on Martinique and Guadeloupe in the West Indies. They are also reported on Jamaica and St. Croix in the Virgin Islands, and potentially in Japan.
The Northern Red Bishops are stocky, sparrow-sized finches that measure about 5.1 - 5.9 inches (13–15 cm) in length, including the tail.
Males are usually larger than females.
Plumage Details / Adults
They come in two color phases depending upon the season.
Plumage is scarlet apart from his black head and waistcoat, and brown wings and tail. The conical bill is thick and black.
Plumage is mostly pale yellow-brown, streaked above and shading to whitish below. He has a buff supercilium (line above eye).
Other Physical Details
The thick bill is conical in shape and black.
Females are similar, but smaller.