Northern Harrier

Other Names:

In the Americas, the Hen Harrier is better known as the Northern Harrier.

Range:

These raptors breed throughout the northern parts of the northern hemisphere in Canada,  northernmost USA, and in northern Eurasia. For the winter, those breeding in the Americas migrate south to the southern parts of the USA, Mexico and Central America.  European populations spend the winter in southern parts of Europe and in southern temperate Asia.

Those found in temperate climates are often resident (non-migratory).

Description:

The Hen Harrier measures about 16 - 20 inches (41 - 52cm) in length, and has a wingspan of about 38-48 inches or 97-122 cm.  The average weight is 19 oz or 530 grams.  Males are generally a little heavier.

The European males is mostly grey above and whitish below.  The exceptions are the grey upper chest, the white rump and the grey, black-tipped wings. The females are brown above with white upper tail feathers. Below they are buff streaked with brown. The females also have darker, more rufous-colored plumages.

Avianweb Species Page

Species image
Northern Harrier

Northern Harrier

Bill Shape
hooked
Regions
alabama
alaska
alberta
arizona
arkansas
baja california
british columbia
california
colorado
connecticut
delaware
district of columbia
florida
georgia
hawaii
idaho
illinois
indiana
iowa
kansas
kentucky
labrador
louisiana
maine
manitoba
maryland
massachusetts
mexico
michigan
minnesota
mississippi
missouri
montana
nebraska
nevada
new brunswick
new foundland
new hampshire
new jersey
new mexico
new york
north carolina
north dakota
northwest territories
nova scotia
nunavut
ohio
oklahoma
ontario
oregon
pennsylvania
quebec
rhodeisland
saskatchewan
south carolina
south dakota
tennessee
texas
utah
vermont
virginia
washington
west virginia
wisconsin
wyoming
yucatan
yukon
Tail Shape
squared-tail
Wing Shape
broad-wings
long-wings
Action
hopping
Markings
eye
plain
wingbands
Sounds
harsh call
melodious
Location
high perching
low perching
north in summer
Habitat
agricultural
savanna
Forests
Grasslands
Marshes
Color
brown
gray
green
Body Shape
hawk
Size
large
small
Order
birds of prey, raptors - falconiformes
kites, eagles and hawks - accipitridae
Conservation Status
Least Concern
Bird Species