Yellowhammer, clape, gafferwoodpecker, harry-wicket, heigh-ho, wake-up, walk-up, wick-up, yarrup, or gawker bird. There are over 100 common names.
Height is 28 – 36 cm. Wing span 42 -54 cm.
Plumage: Brown with black bars on the back and the wings. Upper chest area has a necklace shaped black patch. The lower chest is beige with black spots. Males have a black or red moustache like mark on the base of the beak. The tail is dark on the top, and then becomes white near the base of the rear of the bird. Subspecies can vary in coloration.
Native to North America, parts of Central America, Cuba, the Cayman Islands. One of the few woodpecker species that migrates to other areas.
Live in trees, including woodlands, edges, yards, and parks. In the West, they can be found in the mountains all the way to the tree line. They nest in holes of trees or in old nests and burrows of Kingfishers or Bank Swallows.
Fruits, berries, seeds, nuts, but their primary food is insects. Ants alone can make up 45% of their diet. They also eat flies, butterflies, moths, beetles, and snails.