In the United States, their range stretches from the Great Lakes and southern Minnesota east to Pennsylvania and southern Massachusetts, and extending west to southern Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma and all but westernmost Texas.
They are also found in eastern Mexico and in Cuba. Introduced to New Zealand.
This moderately-sized quail measures 24 to 28 cm (9.4 to 11 in) in length. The short bill is curved and brownish-black in color. Males can be identified by the white throat and brow stripe bordered by black. The plumage is overall rufous with grey mottling on the wings. The tail is grey. The flanks show white scalloped stripes. Below they are whitish with black scallops. The legs and feet are pale.