Montezuma Quail

Range:

Montezuma Quails are found in Mexico and some parts of the United States.

Description:

Height is 22 cm.   Both genders have the back and wing coverts which are tan with longitudinal light-buff streaks with black spots arranged in bars. There is a crest on the nape which causes their profile to appear long front-to-back. The bill is black above and bluish-grey below.

Males have striking, swirling black-and-white patterns on their faces. There is a single tan plume, which lies flat over the crest. The sides of their bodies are blue-grey with bold spots, which in northern birds are white, and in southern birds are white towards the front, chestnut towards the back. The middle of the chest and belly is dark brown in northern birds, lighter in southern birds.

The females are light brown  below with a few fine black shaft streaks and other lines. They have faint face patterns.

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Species image
Montezuma Quail

Montezuma Quail

Bill Shape
all-purpose
Eats
cracked-corn
Regions
arizona
mexico
new mexico
texas
Tail Shape
rounded-tail
Wing Shape
rounded-wings
Action
hopping
Behavior
forays
jerks
Markings
bold
plain
tailbands
tailstripes
wingbands
Sounds
buzzing
staccato
high
melodious
Location
high perching
low perching
north in summer
south in summer
Habitat
oakpinewoodland
savanna
Deserts
Forests
Grasslands
Color
blackandwhite
brown
yellow
red
Body Shape
pigeon
upland-ground
Size
medium
small
Order
quails (new world - Americas) - odontophorids
turkey, grouse, chicken, quail, partridge, pheasant - order: galliformes
Conservation Status
Least Concern
Bird Species