Montezuma Quails are found in Mexico and some parts of the United States.
Height is 22 cm. Both genders have the back and wing coverts which are tan with longitudinal light-buff streaks with black spots arranged in bars. There is a crest on the nape which causes their profile to appear long front-to-back. The bill is black above and bluish-grey below.
Males have striking, swirling black-and-white patterns on their faces. There is a single tan plume, which lies flat over the crest. The sides of their bodies are blue-grey with bold spots, which in northern birds are white, and in southern birds are white towards the front, chestnut towards the back. The middle of the chest and belly is dark brown in northern birds, lighter in southern birds.
The females are light brown below with a few fine black shaft streaks and other lines. They have faint face patterns.
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