They live in the far north of North America and eastern Siberia; but vagrants have been spotted as far as western Europe. In the winter, they migrate to the southern United States and to Central America. They nest on the ground near water.
Species has a dark brown body on the top, spotted throat and chest, and are reddish below. They have bars on their flanks and a dark bill. The tail has a black and white pattern, which is barred. Their legs are a yellowish color. In the winter, the plumage is mostly grey.
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