This species is found in southern Canada to northern Argentina. They migrate from the northern areas of their range in winter for the southernmost coasts of the United States and areas further south.
Height is 28 - 36 cm. Wingspan is 41 - 46 cm. Their underparts and throat are white with light brown streaks. The face and the sides of the neck are light brown. Yellow eyes and bill. The male is greenish black on the back and crown. Females are brown on these parts. They show light brown parts on the wings in flight.
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