North America, Canada, to southernmost South America. It is the most widely distributed bird in the Americas. North American birds migrate to the southern United States and Mexico for the winter. Most return in late April to May. They leave for the winter again around September to early October.
Height is 11 - 13 cm. Wingspan is 15 cm. Subspecies can vary quite a bit. Colors range from from dull greyish-brown to rich rufescent-brown on the body. The underparts ranging from brown, over buff and pale grey, to pure white. All subspecies have blackish barring to the wings and tail, and some also to the flanks. All subspecies show a faint eye-ring and eyebrow and have a long, thin bill with a blackish upper jaw, and a black-tipped yellowish or pale grey lower jaw. The legs are pinkish or grey. The short tail is typically held cocked.
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