Species is found in most of Europe, the Mediterranean region, and much of Asia. Also found in parts of Australia, Africa, and the Americas. It is the most widely distributed wild bird.
Height is 16 - 18 cm . Their plumage is pale brown, grey and buff in females and young birds . Females have no black markings or grey crown. Its upperparts and head are brown with darker streaks around the mantle and a distinct pale supercilium. Underneath the plumage is pale grey-brown. Males' have brighter black, white, and brown plumage. Males have a dark grey crown from the top of its bill to its back, and chestnut brown on the sides of its head. They have black around its bill, on its throat, and on the spaces between its bill and eyes. They also have a small white stripe between the lores and crown and small white spots immediately behind the eyes with black patches below and above them. The underparts are pale grey or white, as are the cheeks, ear coverts, and stripes at the base of the head. The upper back and mantle are a warm brown, with black streaks, while the lower back, rump and uppertail are greyish-brown. Patches increase in size with age. Males are larger in the winter and females are larger during the breeeding season.
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