Species is found in North America, Hawaii, southern Canada, Mexican state of Oaxaca, central Chiapas These birds are mainly permanent residents, some eastern birds migrate south.
Height is 12.5 to 15 cm. Wingspan is 20 to 25 cm. Species has a long, square-tipped brown tail across the back with it shading to grey on the wings.. The breast and belly feathers are usually streaked. Males usually have red heads, necks, and shoulders. The red can continue on to the belly and down the back to the wings. Colorations varies according to the season, and their diet. Females have brown upperparts and streaked underparts.