Ferruginous Hawk

Distribution

Found in the arid grasslands and shrub steppe country of the interior parts of North America.   It is migratory in the northern parts of its range but can be found year round in the mid and southwest United States.

Description

Adults have long broad wings and a broad grey, rusty or white tail. The legs are feathered to the talons.  There are two colour forms:

  • Light morph birds are rusty brown on the upper parts and pale on the head, neck and underparts with rust on the legs and some rust marking on the underwing. The upper wings are grey.
  • Dark morph birds are dark brown on both upperparts and underparts with light areas on the upper and lower wings.

Avianweb Species Page

Species image
Ferruginous Hawk

Ferruginous Hawk

Bill Shape
hooked
Regions
alabama
alberta
arizona
arkansas
baja california
british columbia
california
colorado
idaho
illinois
indiana
iowa
kansas
louisiana
manitoba
mexico
michigan
minnesota
mississippi
missouri
montana
nebraska
nevada
new jersey
new mexico
north dakota
oklahoma
ontario
oregon
saskatchewan
south dakota
tennessee
texas
utah
virginia
washington
wisconsin
wyoming
Tail Shape
squared-tail
Wing Shape
pointed-wings
Action
hopping
Markings
head
plain
Sounds
staccato
melodious
Location
high perching
low perching
north in summer
Habitat
agricultural
Deserts
Forests
Grasslands
Color
brown
green
rust
Body Shape
hawk
Size
large
small
Order
birds of prey, raptors - falconiformes
kites, eagles and hawks - accipitridae
Conservation Status
Least Concern
Bird Species