Other Names: Windhover (17th century texts), Common Kestrel, Old World Kestrel
Distribution: Resident throughout Europe, Africa, and coastal India and China. Migratory populations summer in Scandinavia, Russia, and China and winter on the Indian subcontinent.
Size: 31-37 cm in length with a 68-78 cm wingspan. Females weigh 154-314 g and males weigh 136-252 g.
Plumage: Adult males have a black-spotted chestnut brown back and wings (with dark brown to black flight feathers) and a solid blue-gray head. The tail is the same bluish-gray as the head, with a black tip. Underneath, the breast and underside are pale brown with small black spots. Females and juveniles are light brown on the back with a medium brown cap and have larger spots on their undersides. In both sexes, te eyes are black with bright yellow eyerings.