Other Names: none
Distribution: northern North America in summer, moving southeast in winter. A nonmigratory population exists in the Pacific Northwest and in the northeastern United States.
Size: 14-16 cm in length with a 18-25 cm wingspan.
Plumage: Variable and poorly understood. Adults generally have gray heads, necks, and breasts, gray or brown backs and wings, and a white underside. The white outer tail feathers flash distinctively in flight and while hopping on the ground. Juveniles may have dark streaks on the underside. The bill is usually pale pink to off-white and the eyes and legs are black.