Other Names: beech finch, horse finch, buck finch, roberd, boldie, shellapple shiltie (all UK regional); brichtie, brisk finch, briskie, bullspink, bully, charbob, daffinch, maze finch, pea finch, pine finch, snabby (all 19th century).
Distribution: Resident throughout Europe; some populations summer in Russia and Scandinavia and winter discontinuously throughout the Middle East. A subspecies is resident in North Africa, and populations have been introduced in South Africa and New Zealand.
Summer Resident Winter Introduced
Size: 13-14 cm in length with a 25-27 cm wingspan.
Plumage: Both sexes have large double white wing bars, white tail edges and a greenish rump. Breeding males have a distinctive reddish underside, face, and upper back, and a blue-grey cap. Females are overall drabber and greener. The legs and beak are gray and the eyes are black.