Other Names: Mountain Finch
Distribution: northern Europe and Asia in summer; southern Europe, north Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and east Asia in winter. Occasionally found in Alaska.
Size: 14-16 cm in length with a 24-26 cm wingspan.
Plumage: Both sexes show a combination of a long, oval white rump and almost completely black tail that is characteristic of the species. Breeding males have a glossy black head and mantle, bordered by an orange blaze extending from the breast across the shoulder and below the back. In winter, males have a black-speckled face and crown and black-splashed mantle.
Female and juveniles can be distinguished from the males by a mottled dark brown head and broad buff eyestripe, and grayer coloration on the sides of the neck.