Other Names: none
Distribution: temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere.
Size: 16-19 cm in length with a 32-45 cm wingspan.
Plumage: Sleek in profile with distinctive red waxy deposits at the tips of their secondary flight feathers. They are grayish-brown with white and yellow wing-patches and yellow tail bands. They have distinctive crested heads, black throats, and black masks lightly lined with white. Their heads and undertails have a rufous tinge. Juveniles are mottled gray-brown and lack the feather-tips.The beak and legs are gray and the eyes are black.