Black-chinned Hummingbird

 

Black-chinned HummerDistribution / Habitat

The Black-Chinned Hummingbird 's breeding range stretches from southern British Columbia in Canada through Idaho and Nevada, south to northern Mexico, and from coastal California, Arizona through Texas, where they are relatively common spring and summer residents (particularly in the western half). They have also been reported in Arkansas, Alabama, Colorado, Georgia, Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, South and North Carolina, and Washington State. They are rare / accidental vagrants to District of Columbia / Washington, D.C.

They migrate to southern California, southern Arizona, southern Texas or Mexico for the winter (Peterson 1961; Gough et al. 1998). This long journey of 800 - 1600 km (500 - 1,00 miles) requires them to increase their body weight by 25-50% before the migration to meet the physical demands associated with this immense task (del Hoyo et al. 1999; Terres 1980; Baker 2001).

They are found in a wide range of different habitats, including lowland deserts, semi-wooded canyons, chaparral, mountainous forests and urbanized areas with tall trees and flowering shrubs and vines.

Because of their small size, they are vulnerable to insect-eating birds and animals.

Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)Physical Description

The Black-chinned Hummingbirds average 8.25 - 9.5 cm (3.2 - 3.7 inches) in length, and weigh between 3.0 -3.5 g (0.11 - 0.12 oz). Females are generally larger than males.

Adults have a metallic green upper plumage, a whitish under plumage with green flanks (sides), and a white spot behind their eyes. The black bill is fairly straight, long and slender.

The adult male can easily be identified by his velvet black face and chin. The upper throat is black, but there is a glossy blue-violet band on the lower throat area (only visible in the right light conditions), bordered by a white collar below. His tail is dark and forked.

The female has a green face, white chest and throat area with a few black spots. The female has white tips on the outer feathers of her dark, rounded tail.

Avianweb Species Page

Species image
Black-chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Bill Shape
needle
Eats
commercial-instant-nectars
sugar-water
Regions
alabama
alberta
arizona
arkansas
baja california
british columbia
california
colorado
district of columbia
florida
georgia
idaho
indiana
kansas
kentucky
louisiana
massachusetts
mexico
mississippi
missouri
montana
nevada
new brunswick
new jersey
new mexico
north carolina
nova scotia
oklahoma
ontario
oregon
south carolina
tennessee
texas
utah
virginia
washington
wyoming
Tail Shape
forked-tail
Wing Shape
pointed-wings
Action
flying
perching
Behavior
flocks
zigzag
Sounds
staccato
Location
low flying
high perching
low perching
north in summer
south in summer
Habitat
agricultural
chaparral
mesquitebosque
riparianorriverforest
shrubs
mountains
fields
flats
Deserts
Forests
Urban
Marshes
Color
greenorolive
sheen
brown
gray
green
Body Shape
hummingbird
Size
tiny
small
Order
hummingbirds - trochilidae, phaethornithinae
Conservation Status
Least Concern