Waders, shorebirds, seabirds charadriiformes

The order Charadriiformes includes a variety of small to medium-large birds - including Waders, Snipes, Terns, Gulls, etc. - found in all parts of the world. They usually occur near bodies of water, along coasts and rivers; although some are pelagic and typically remain over oceans throughout the year (except when breeding) and others occur in deserty areas or forests.

This diverse order includes the following sub-orders / bird families:

  • Suborder Scolopaci: Snipe-like Waders
    • Family Scolopacidae: Snipes, Sandpipers, Phalaropes and Allies
  • Suborder Thinocori: aberrant charadriforms
    • Family Rostratulidae: Painted Snipes
    • Family Jacanidae: Jacanas
    • Family Thinocoridae: Seedsnipes
    • Family Pedionomidae: Plains Wanderers
  • Sea GullsSuborder Lari: Gulls and Allies
    • Family Laridae: Gulls
    • Family Rhynchopidae: Skimmers
    • Family Sternidae: Terns
    • Family Alcidae: Puffins, Guillemots, Murres and Allies
    • Family Stercorariidae: Skuas
    • Family Glareolidae: Pratincoles and Coursers
    • Family Dromadidae: Crab Plovers
  • Suborder Turnici: buttonquails / Family Turnicidae- traditionally lumped together with the crane and pheasant orders - based on DNA-DNA hybridization and sequence data now placed with the shorebirds
  • Suborder Chionidi: Thick-knees and Allies
    • Family Burhinidae: Thick-knees
    • Family Chionididae: Sheathbills
    • Family Pluvianellidae: Magellanic Plovers
  • Suborder Charadrii: Plover-like Waders
    • Family Ibidorhynchidae: Ibisbills
    • Family Recurvirostridae: Avocets and Stilts
    • Family Haematopodidae: Oystercatchers
    • Family Charadriidae: Plovers and Lapwings
       

Pheasant-tailed Jacana

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