Lancashire Canary was originally known as the
Manchester Coppy or Manchester Fancy - since
so many of the breeders lived in that city. This canary is the largest of all
English canary breeds, being strong and robust and standing a head taller than
any of the others.
The Lancashire Canaries are seven to eight inches
long and are heavy in body - and appear as giants when compared with ordinary
canaries. This 'giant of the fancy' was used to transfer size into other
breeds including Crested Norwich, and the
This canary is a bold
and upstanding bird which should never crouch or lean across the perch.
It is a crested variety in which two types of individual are to be found,
namely those with a crest (known as "Coppies") and those without (known as
"Plainheads"). Both form an integral part of the breed as a whole.
Lancashire is always bred in the clear form, either yellow or white, with no
variegation such as is found in other breeds of canary, and the only departure
from this ideal that is allowed is in the form of a grey or grizzled coppy in
the crested birds.
Crested canaries should always be mated to Plainheads. The gene that causes
the crested mutation is dominant, but a double dose is lethal. When one gene
is inherited, the bird is crested. If two genes are inherited, then the bird's
skull is deformed and the chick usually dies in shell. From the results below
it can be seen that you will not get any more live crested chicks by breeding
crested to crested, therefore this is not recommended.
- Plainhead × Plainhead will
produce 100% Plainhead young.
- Plainhead × Crested will produce 50%
Plainhead and 50% Crested young.
- Crested × Crested will produce 25%
Plainhead, 50% Crested, and 25% dead, NOT RECOMMENDED!
needs generous feeding during the moult, care being taken that the diet is not
low in protein. At the same time, ample room for exercise must be allowed so
that the birds do not become overfat and sluggish. The Lancashire is a natural
color showbird and therefore needs no color food during the moult.
The following standards were
drawn up by the old Lancashire and Lizard Fanciers' Association and which has
been adopted by the Old Varieties Canary Association:
LANCASHIRE should be a large bird, of good length and stoutness, and when in
the show cage should have a bold look.
- The Coppy (crest)
should be of a horse-shoe shape, commenc ing behind the eye line and
lay close to the skull, forming a frontal three-quarters of a circle without
any break in its shape or formation, and should radiate from its centre with a
- There should be no roughness at the back of the
- The neck should be long and thick, the feathers lying soft and
close, the shoulders broad, the back long and full, and the chest bold and
- The wings of the Lancashire should be long, giving to the bird
what is called a 'long-sided' appearance.
- The tail also should be
long. when placed in a show cage, the bird should stand erect, easy and
graceful, being bold in its appearance, and not timid or crouching. It should
not be dull or slothful-looking, and should move about with ease and
- Its legs should be long and in strength match the
appearance of the body. when standing upright in the cage, the tail should
droop slightly, giving the bird the appearance of having a slight curve from
the beak to the end of the tail.
- The Lancashire should neither stand
across the perch nor show a hollowback.
- It should have plenty of
feather, lying closely to the body, and the feather should be fine and
- The properties of the Plainhead are the same as
the Coppy, with the exception of the head. The head should be broad
and rather long, with the eyebrows clearly defined and overhanging, or what is
called 'lashed'. The feather on the head should be soft and plentiful, and not
look tucked or whipped up from behind the eye into the neck.
- The aim
in breeding should be to keep and improve the size and length of the bird, at
the sane time losing nothing of its gracefulness, its beauty of feather and
More on Breeding your Canary
Canary Care and
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